It’s important to look for employee burnout signs. When employees get overstressed, all kinds of bad things can happen. They are more prone to make mistakes, become actively disengaged, and even face increased risks of serious health problems ranging from high blood pressure to depression.

We know from the American Institute of Stress that 80% of U.S. employees feel stress on the job. And, one in four says they’re “often or very often” burned out by work. This problem can be especially acute for engineering teams, where the demands are high, and the hours can get long.

As a manager, it’s your job to recognize and address the symptoms of employee burnout quickly. But you can’t take steps to counter burnout until you recognize it.

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What are the consequences of employee burnout?

It’s important to address and solve burnout as quickly as possible. Unaddressed burnout can have significant health consequences and impediments to a healthy lifestyle including:

Health consequences:

  • Chronic stress
  • Fatigue
  • Insomnia
  • Irritability
  • Depression
  • Substance abuse
  • Heart disease
  • Obesity
  • High blood pressure
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Susceptibility to illnesses

Professional consequences:

  • Withdrawing from friends and colleagues
  • Inability to perform job
  • Drain on company resources
  • Job dissatisfaction

Not only does employee burnout impact the individual, but it is a drain on company resources and not only that, but who wants to see their employees unhappy?

What causes employee burnout?

Lack of Autonomy

Some employees may feel as though they lack autonomy in their job. Perhaps they don’t have access to the right resources or say in professional decisions–this can degrade their sense of purpose in the workplace. Afterall, if they aren’t trusted to do their job then why should they try?

This is also the perfect opportunity for you, as the manager, to ask yourself about your managerial habits. Do you contact your employees at all hours of the day and night, even when they’re not working? Are you constantly pulling the rug from under your employees by shifting priorities? Are you giving them the correct resources for doing their job? How can you establish better boundaries with your team? How can you provide better resources to your employees? Consider these questions and see if there is anything you can change in your treatment of your team.

Workload

Having the perfect balance between workload and an individual’s capacity for work grants opportunities for rest and relaxation, and time for professional growth and development. When an employee feels chronically overloaded, they’re overwhelmed and are left with little opportunity to recharge and restore their balance outside of their job. They come into your workplace with little energy to put into their role.

Community

Does your workplace have a sense of community? Do your employees feel like they are a part of a team? You can improve the dynamics of your team to improve the sense of community. Encourage communication among employees. Start a Slack channel conversation asking them how their day is going or about something they’ve learned during the week. Send private messages to your employees naming one thing you appreciate about them. Unfortunately, sometimes burnout is contagious, which is why it’s important to elevate your employees’ engagement. Shift the morale of the group.

Reward

Your employees don’t feel as though extrinsic and intrinsic rewards don’t match the effort they put into their job. They aren’t feeling appreciated for the time and work they put in, so of course they’re starting to feel burned out. They’ll eventually feel like the investment in your company isn’t worth the payoff.

Are there opportunities to appreciate your employees more? Are there any employees who are late for a raise or promotion? Have you been only doling out negative feedback that you’ve forgotten to give positive feedback.

Fairness

Employees start to feel burnout when they don’t feel their workplace is fair. Some employees get acknowledgements and praise, and others simply don’t. Maybe some get deadline extensions or access to additional resources, and others don’t. A mismatch in effort and acknowledgment can build resentments among your employees.

Value misalignment

Sometimes an employee’s values don’t align with the values of the company. Ideals and motivations are deeply ingrained in the identity of individuals and organizations. And also…

Sometimes values shift. An employee may have valued something they no longer value now, or perhaps your company’s values have shifted.

Burnout isn’t just being tired. It’s a complex issue requiring a multifaceted solution. Which brings us to an important question…

What are the signs of employee burnout?

how to fix burnout

Below are five telltale signs of employee burnout.

While the presence of one solitary symptom isn’t necessarily a strong indicator—there’s usually another explanation for the presence of any one of these in isolation—I’d sit up and pay attention when more than one begins to surface.

1. You’re Seeing More Bugs in Production

An unusual increase in errors could be a sign that your employee is taking on more complex and challenging work.

But if it’s consistently accompanied by lower-than-expected quality of work in other areas, more bugs might mean disengagement is causing your team member to avoid putting in the extra effort to check the quality of their work.

how to spot employee burnout

2. Your Roadmap Derails to Chase Shiny Objects

When engineers experience employee burnout, they’ll sometimes attempt to gain a renewed sense of motivation by introducing new technology. Don’t get me wrong: Welcoming ideas and innovation is a good move for any tech company.

But if those re-architecture attempts are taking up time that could otherwise be spent pursuing overarching business objectives and key results, they may not be driven by a real need.

When a product roadmap is derailed to pursue a new programming language or infrastructure, particularly if there are no clear performance or cost-savings goals, it could be a sign that your team member isn’t into existing projects and needs help regaining a sense of purpose at work.

jell employee burnout

3. You Stopped Shipping Early and Often

Every engineer has unique habits around how often they commit code and submit pull requests. It’s not unheard of for these patterns to change, especially when a seasoned employee starts taking on more complex projects. (Because let’s face it: Measuring lines of code written is a terrible way to measure productivity). However, if those commits really start to dwindle over time, it could be a sign that your employee is distracted and withdrawing from the work.

employee burnout signs

4. You’re Seeing Reduced Engagement and Collaboration

This one’s a strong sign of employee burnout, though it can sometimes be more difficult to recognize. If someone seems to care less and less about what’s happening with the team overall, it’s very often due to disengagement.

How do you spot this symptom? It might be that a team member isn’t commenting on pull requests as much as she used to. Or he’s not speaking up in sprint planning and retrospective meetings. Once you’ve worked with someone long enough to know their work habits, these are the nuanced changes to watch for.

employee burnout signs

5. You’re Seeing Increased Cynicism and Unconstructive Criticism

Have you ever dealt with an employee who likes to rip apart team members in pull requests for things like stylistic errors or subjective points? It’s not the fun side of management. If it’s been a pattern of behavior from day one, you probably made a bad hire. But if your otherwise collaborative team member suddenly starts trashing architecture decisions, product roadmaps, and coworkers’ skills, it’s a sure sign of burnout.

cynicism in the workplace

6. You’re Seeing Alienation from Other Employees

When employees are feeling burned out, they tend to withdraw from others in all aspects of their lives. If you notice that an employee was once active in the Slack channel but isn’t anymore, you may have a burned-out employee on your hands.

7. You’re Seeing Fatigue on the Job

Your employees are coming to work disheveled and look tired. If they’re complaining about feeling exhausted all the time, they may be experiencing burnout. When employees are overloaded with stress at work it can be near impossible for them to relax at the end of the day or sleep well. They’re constantly in a cycle of fatigue.

When an employee is sleep deprived, they can experience more than simple sleepiness. Effects can range from hallucinations, trouble recalling memories, and even physical pain. In the long term, chronic fatigue can lead to obesity and heart disease.

8. You’re Seeing Increased Time Off

We are proponents of employees taking time off to rest and recharge, but do you have an employee suddenly taking an excessive amount of time off? Chances are there’s something distracting them in their professional or personal lives. Perhaps they’re getting sick a lot more than usual–this is one of the first telltale signs of burnout.

9. You’re Seeing Irritability

Do you sense your employees’ cynicism crippling the workplace? This could mean their passion for the work is no longer present. Watch out for this symptom too because cynicism is infectious. Irritability and cynicism affect an individual’s trust in leadership and in their coworkers. It leads to a loss in productivity across the board. Tensions in the workplace can be the result of a personality clash among members of the team, but if you notice an employee suddenly no longer getting along with their team, it could be a sign they’re under a lot of undue pressure. Irritability could mean the employee feels ineffective, unimportant, or even less efficient than they used to be.

Unfortunately, sometimes employees can express their anger in unhealthy and sometimes violent ways. Standard workplace disciplinary procedures might not cut it. You need to resolve the underlying issues causing the anger. Unaddressed, irritability can sever relationships and careers.

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how to spot employee burnout - infographic

What To Do When the Signs of Employee Burnout Creep In

When you do notice the symptoms of increasing stress and disengagement, I recommend turning to a couple of tried-and-true management methods:

1. Communicate with your employees effectively

As a manager, you need to motivate and lead your team. Every voice should be heard. Consider holding biweekly one-on-one meetings, focus on the positives before communicating any negative, send private or group messages showing your appreciation for each employee.

Jell makes it easier for you to have daily standup meetings. Daily standup meetings help your team align goals and check in with one another. Teams benefit from open communication and as a team, will complete their projects faster.

2. Eliminate any blockers

Are there any impediments keeping your team from succeeding in their daily work? Tools, policies, or equipment that needs improving? Removing obstacles increases workplace efficiency, increases morale, and boosts performance. Set your employees up for success by giving them the tools they need.

3. Create realistic goals and expectations for your team

Consider setting OKRs. OKRs are Objectives and Key Results. They promote engaged, productive day-to-day decisions and are the magic dust behind the success of Google. OKRs are highly specific and measurable. Jell offers free OKR templates for you to try today.

Challenge your employees to grow in their role but don’t set them up for failure. Balance is everything.

4. Encourage work/life balance

Set clear boundaries and expectations for after work hours for your employees. When your employees are off the clock, remind them to relax and enjoy their time off. Another way to do this: Set clear boundaries for yourself. When managers or executives support well-being improvement, employees follow.

5. Encourage break time

Encourage your employees to take breaks throughout the day. Introduce them to the Pomodoro Method. The Pomodoro Technique works like this:

Step 1: Pick a Task
Step 2: Set a 25-minute timer
Step 3: Work on the task until the timer is up
Step 4: Take a 5-minute break
Step 5: For every 4 Pomodoros, take a longer 15-30 minute break

Let employees leave an hour early after stressful days. Schedule weekly team lunches, go on a walking meeting, or even plan a team-building activity. Give them a free half day of PTO. Celebrate your employees and show your appreciation by encouraging time off.

6. Allow greater autonomy

Many engineers (and employees in general) are more productive and engaged when given the freedom to work remotely as needed.

By staying consistently tuned-in to the needs of employees, you’ll be able to address the signs of employee burnout long before they do irreversible damage to productivity and profits.

P.S. For more actionable tips you can use to improve team communication, head on over here to sign up for the Jell weekly.